If you could hear for one day, what would you like to hear most?
In my case, it’s a little different abstract messages, because I wear hearing aids every day and I hear almost all the sounds. I often turn it off during the day, because the excess of sounds bothers me. For me, silence is a natural phenomenon where I can relax and focus on my thoughts.
And what does a person who is deaf from birth think? When you imagine something, then in your head are born words, or rather images, memories?
When I was little and didn’t know polish very well, I used to think in sign language. Over the years, I’ve learned it so well that I now think in two languages depending on the situation. The last time I was in the US, I was thinking in English and ASL (American Sign Language). And in my imagination, there are usually more visual things than words.
I learned in sign language class that it’s better to use the term deaf than deaf. You think so, too?
Yes, because the word abstract messages “deaf” is perceived by the deaf negatively. It is associated with the fact that deaf people have no language and do not communicate verbally. And that’s not true. Deaf is not dumb.
Do individual words change their meaning depending on the context?
Of course. Context is taken into account in all human communication. In any natural language, it is the case that the meaning of a text, a statement or a word depends on the content and meanings of the words preceding or following it.
As new words, new terms are created, are they immediately reflected in sign language? How do they come about and how do we know that they are “official” – i.e. anyone who knows sign language will understand them?
There is no official sign language at all. Who would promote it? TV? Universities? Some Office? New words are created when users of a given natural language feel the need to talk about something new. They arise through social consensus, that is, universal consent between members of a particular community.
Is it possible to spell a word?
Not always. The character cannot be spelled, because it does not consist of letters, but only of parameters such as location, orientation, hand position, movement. You can spell words from a phonic language abstract messages, that’s what dactylography was invented for. And if there is an equivalent of that word in sign language, then you can match it.
Does each symbol in sign language have only one meaning?
Of course not! As in any language in the world abstract messages, one character or one word has different meanings.
Is it true that there are already 2 varieties of sign language in Poland? If so, what is the difference between them with abstract messages?
The PJM dictionary developed independently from the Polish phonetic, although there are borrowings in it (the minority language is always under some influence of the majority language, the second thing is that such borrowings are something natural, in Polish there are also a lot of words borrowed from other languages). So to sum up-PJM is a separate language, SJM faithfully follows polish, especially in the grammatical layer.